Getting Started with Meditation

By Eva Gregersen It is not without a certain sense of irony that I sit down to write a primer on meditation. You see, when I was younger, I was full of disdain for meditation, which I knew little about but associated with empty feel-good rhetoric spouted by intellectually challenged new age hippies who were[…] Continue Reading

The Dark Side of Hypomania

By Ryan Smith Hypomania is a personality style characterized by high energy levels, talkativeness and confidence, and a flight of creative ideas. Hypomanics are competitive and tend to have racing thoughts and a scattered approach to their own experiences and emotions. Unlike people who are truly manic, however, hypomanics maintain high levels of functioning. For[…] Continue Reading

Criticism of Marx’s Theory of Value

2017 marks the 150th anniversary of Marx’s publication of Das Kapital. Even though Marxism has been attempted all over the world for well over a hundred years, no country has ever managed to turn Marx’s ideas into a workable society. Yet every time there is a problem with the free-enterprise system, Marx’s ideas become popular[…] Continue Reading

Reply to (Arizona)INTJ: INTJ Personality Dissents

A Youtuber who calls himself INTJ has released a video explaining why he no longer wants to have anything to do with typology. We don’t know his name, but he seems to be from Arizona, so we’ll call him ArizonaINTJ. He makes three points that we’ll address in a minute. But first, let us point[…] Continue Reading


By Boye Akinwande ENFPs and ENFJs get mistaken for one another because they both tend to be warm, expressive, idealistic, charismatic, and articulate when it comes to speaking on social and cultural issues. Likewise, many exemplars of both types can be found at the forefront of so-called social justice causes. While they may appear similar at first[…] Continue Reading

re: Adam Ruins Everything – Why the Myers-Briggs Test Is Total B.S.

Adam Conover has made a video that supposedly shows that the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator is, quote, “total BS.” The video makes the argument that the theory of Psychological Types should be discounted because it’s not scientific. But the main debunking move of the video is that the theory can’t be right because Myers and Briggs didn’t[…] Continue Reading

On Typology and Method

Since there continues to be confusion about our method and approach to typology, we’ve made this video to clarify what it is we do and why we do it and hopefully dispel any lingering misunderstandings. The first choice of any approach to typology is to select what sources one will admit into one’s theoretical framework.[…] Continue Reading


By Boye Akinwande Many ENFJs get mistaken for INFJs if they are either socially shy or reserved, or if they are pensive, academic, and intellectual. Similarly, some ENFJs looking into typology mistype themselves as INFJs for the same reason, or walk away from typology altogether, since many of the ENFJ descriptions imply that ENFJs are[…] Continue Reading

Ten (Edited) Quotes About Cognitive Functions

1 “Extraverted thinking … involves thoughts that are strongly influenced by what is ‘out there’: Facts, views and ideas which come in from [the outside] … (that is, not emanating from within our own minds). This is the kind of thinking associated with … empirical investigation, as well as concretized, planned thinking. … [It forms][…] Continue Reading


By Boye Akinwande People who use a classical function-based approach to typology, like we do on this site, often confuse ENFPs and INFPs with one another because they have the same functions in almost the same order. The two NFP types are the only types with Fi and Ne as their uppermost functions and Si and Te as their[…] Continue Reading