Nazism and fascism are usually believed to be on the extreme right whereas communism and socialism are thought to be on the extreme left. The classically liberal author and speaker Lars Tvede begs to differ. He believes that all of these ideologies belong on the extreme left. To prove his point, he presents 20 policy suggestions that were either put forward by Mussolini and the Fascists, Hitler and the Nazis, or 21st-century socialists.
Can you distinguish Nazis and fascists from socialists? Give it a try.
Question 1 of 20
Nationalize all big businesses.
Who said it?
The Political Collectivism Test is the property of Individual Differences Research Labs. If you enjoyed this test, consider buying Tvede's book The Creative Society.
The statements found in the above questions were extrapolated from the work of both actual fascists (e.g. Benito Mussolini and Giovanni Gentile), national socialists (e.g. Adolf Hitler) and modern-day welfare socialists in Western European countries.
As a matter of historical fact, all three ideologies share the state-centric approach to politics. Truth be told, the first Italian fascists intensified all, or almost all, of the preexisting communist practices, just as many of the national socialists considered themselves to be socialists. Though fascists have traditionally been viewed as right-wing, the political developments of interwar Europe really highlight a different affinity, namely the affinity between fascism/Nazism and communism, rather than the affinity of either with the traditional left or right wing of liberal democracies. Lars Tvede also points this out in his research, pinpointing how the fascists/Nazis and socialists actually drew from a similar voter base, while the proponents of liberalism were always further removed from these ideologies.
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