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University Conception Test

Is your vision of the academic world more like a woman’s or a man’s?

A major front in the culture war is the role of universities in society. Social psychologists Cory Clark and Bo Winegard reviewed a range of academic research and found that men and women differ widely in their conception of what the role and purpose of the academic world should be.

Is your vision of the academic world more like a woman’s or a man’s? For each of the following questions, indicate your response to the issue below.

Question 1 of 13

Scientists should prioritize truth over social equity goals if the two conflict.


The IDRlabs University Conception Test was created by IDRlabs.

The opposition between the conception of universities as drivers of social progress and universities as institutions whose mission is to advance knowledge encapsulates a complex and ongoing debate about the multifaceted roles that higher education institutions play in society.

On one hand, universities, as drivers of social progress, emphasize their responsibility to actively contribute to the betterment of society. This perspective recognizes that universities are not just ivory towers of knowledge but have a vital role in addressing pressing social issues. Advocates of this view argue that universities should be engaged in community outreach, research that directly addresses societal challenges, and education that equips students with practical skills for solving real-world problems. This conception aligns with the idea of the "engaged university," where the institution's success is measured not just by scholarly achievements but also by its impact on the broader community.

In this model, universities collaborate with industries, governments, and civil society to tackle issues such as poverty, climate change, healthcare, and inequality. They offer programs that promote social justice, diversity, and inclusion, aiming to produce graduates who are not only knowledgeable but also ethically conscious and socially responsible. This approach blurs the lines between academia and the world, emphasizing the interconnectedness of knowledge and action.

On the other hand, the conception of universities as institutions whose primary mission is to advance knowledge places a strong emphasis on the pursuit of intellectual discovery and the preservation of academic integrity. According to this perspective, universities are sanctuaries for the pursuit of truth and the expansion of human knowledge. The primary focus is on research, scholarship, and education that advance the boundaries of human understanding, irrespective of their immediate applicability.

Proponents of this view argue that societal progress is often best achieved indirectly through the accumulation of knowledge. Fundamental research might not have immediate practical applications, but it can lead to breakthroughs that transform industries, medicine, technology, and society as a whole over time. This perspective safeguards the autonomy of academia from external pressures and short-term goals, ensuring that knowledge is pursued for its own sake, free from utilitarian constraints.

The opposition between these two conceptions can sometimes create tension within universities themselves. Balancing social impact with academic rigor can be challenging. Financial constraints and shifting societal expectations can also influence universities' priorities. Critics of the "drivers of social progress" view caution against sacrificing the pursuit of knowledge for short-term social gains, while critics of the "advance knowledge" view argue that universities must engage with real-world issues to remain relevant and accountable.

In reality, many universities strive to find a balance between these two conceptions. They recognize that social progress and the advancement of knowledge are not mutually exclusive, but rather can be mutually reinforcing. Research with practical applications can emerge from the pursuit of fundamental understanding, and addressing societal challenges can inspire new avenues of research. This balanced approach allows universities to maintain their intellectual integrity while also fulfilling their responsibilities to the communities they serve.

In conclusion, the opposition between universities as drivers of social progress and universities as institutions advancing knowledge underscores the multifaceted nature of higher education's role in society. While the debate continues, a nuanced perspective acknowledges that universities can and should engage with both dimensions. By fostering a symbiotic relationship between societal impact and intellectual exploration, universities can contribute to the betterment of society while upholding their commitment to the pursuit of knowledge.

The test is provided “as-is” and should not be construed to constitute professional services of any kind. A qualified mental health diagnosis can only be made by a certified professional. For more information on our online tests and quizzes, please consult our Terms of Service.

Why Use This Test?

The opposition between universities as drivers of social progress and institutions advancing knowledge revolves around whether universities should prioritize direct societal impact through problem-solving and community engagement or focus on the pursuit of knowledge for its intrinsic value, potentially leading to long-term transformation. Balancing these perspectives raises questions about the immediate versus eventual benefits of education, research's role in societal change, and the broader purpose of higher education in a rapidly evolving world.