Christopher Hitchens, INTJs, and Extroverted Sensing (Se)

“Christopher Hitchens was a dear friend [of mine] and a man who lived for the mind.” – Ayaan Hirsi Ali

On the face of it, many people seem to instantly recognize Hitchens’ preference for Se over Si. Some even take that Se to be auxiliary (ISP) or even dominant (ESP). Yet what we will posit in this article is that actually Hitchens’ Se is his least developed function, also called the repressed function or inferior function.

Hitchens in the midst of an Se binge.

The Difference between Dominant and Inferior Se
Dominant and inferior Se manifest very differently. When you use Se, you perceive things exactly as they appear to be and as convention would have you believe they are: A nice car is a nice car, a sexy woman is a sexy woman, etc. It is one of the extroverted perception functions (along with Ne), which means it’s about “taking it all in” (as opposed to the introverted perceiving functions, Ni and Si, which are about noticing certain reactions within yourself as you’re taking in data from the outside world).

Using Se involves no judgments, and indeed it abhors having to intellectualize in any way since doing so misses the point: You do things to do them, not to figure out some stale theory. A natural consequence of this take-it-as-it-is perception is an emphasis on being cool, sexy, dominant, a winner, the man, the alpha, and so on. You are what you are right now, and who wants to be a loser?

At the other end of the spectrum, though, Ni is the opposite of Se. Where Se revels in the obvious, the immediate, and the physical, Ni drives you (nags at you, really) to “take a closer look” and find the non-obvious, the fundamental, and the ethereal. When you use Ni, you specifically avoid perceiving things in their immediate state, and instead you seize on the fringes as indicators of something beyond the obvious.

Where Se encourages you to be the life of the party, Ni encourages you to slip out into the hallway and reflect. The dominant function is the one a person feels most comfortable using and in which their self-image is most thoroughly invested. The inferior function is the opposite of the dominant (Se-Ni) and the inferior function is simultaneously the one a person most conspicuously avoids.

Dominant Se types, then, are most comfortable when they are free to “take it all in” without having to speculate about hidden meanings, their future significance and suchlike, while dominant Ni types, on the other hand, are most comfortable developing (not to say belaboring) their own subjective perceptions of what is really “beneath the surface” or “the essence of things” without having to burden themselves with the immediate reality of the now.

Inferior Se as it appears in INTJs
The INTJ’s inferior Se frequently manifests in a reversal of the cool-sexy-popular program that the dominant Se-types (ES-Ps) deploy in social situations. The INTJ’s Se-in-inverse results in a sort of “bizarro Se” whereby not following current trends and fashions, being out of touch with popular culture, unphysical, and bookish are -from their subjective, belabored perspective- what really makes you cool and sexy, and where energetic and upbeat people who follow Se standards are insinuated to be mere brutes, if not downright losers.

If the repressed Se of INTJs had a motto, it would be: “I’m the man precisely because I’m not trying to be ‘the man’ in any way you commoners understand it.”

Cue Christopher Hitchens
Hitchens himself had much the same “bizarro Se” about his style, and if you’ve followed his activities, you may have noted the faint but unmistakable traces of an interest in animalistic dominance and sexual prowess that is sought manifest through florid writing and intellectualized innuendo. Here is a particularly famous instance of his habit of intellectualizing the sexual. He says:

“I won’t try to do it for you on camera, but there’s an attitude—with the head thrown back and the mouth wide open and the horseshoe of lovely teeth and the tongue on display and so forth—that is a bit of a surrender. It’s worth it for its own sake. And it’s a simulacrum of something even more worth it.”

So what is Hitchens doing there? As Hitchens observes the body language of others, he perceives not the object itself so much as the subjective suggestion it evokes in him of a broader insight into the way the world is (Ni).

In fact, Hitchen’s evocative interpretation of body language is much the same as reported by one of Jung‘s patients, whom Jung diagnosed to be an Ni dominant type. To repress and ignore the here-and-now in favor of being carried away by one’s own subjective associations is what it is like to have a dominant Ni preference. It is a way of perceiving things that is stimulated by anything that provokes a sense of something deeper (or in Jung’s words: more archetypical) than they evoke by themselves.

Christopher Hitchens’ Se
So we posit that Hitchens is an Se type, rather than an Si type. But how does he handle that Se? One thing that is immediately obvious is that Hitchens does not feed his drive to the sexually dominant alpha male by going to the gym or by any other obviously physical thing of any sort. In fact, his preference is much to the contrary.

Indeed, what Christopher Hitchens does is to talk up the importance of being witty, erudite, a raconteur; of being an intellectual buccaneer capable of quoting sonnets (like he incidentally is himself). And though such characteristics are well outside the core domain of extroverted sensing, the ends that Hitchens leverages his intellectual means towards are to position himself as the alpha male, and thus in fact the core domain of extroverted sensing.

Thus we say that Hitchens has a preference for Se over Si, but at the same time, his Se is an overstressed and mutated “bizarro Se”: The coolness and sexiness that Hitchens pretends to have made manifest with regard to himself comes across to his audience in an oddly damp and auto-erotic manner; as if Hitchens was “sweating on the inside” to appear to us as a person whom we will venerate and revere.

Se in INTJs: The Brain Trying to be the Muscle
Here is an excellent profile of Hitchens by the New Yorker. From start to finish (including the title and the accompanying photo—indulging in the sensual even as he neglects it) there are many points of contact with the standard profile of an INTJ. For our purposes, however, selecting one particularly poignant passage will do:

At times, Hitchens can look like a brain trying to pass as a muscle. He reads the world intellectually, but emphasizes his physical responses to it. […] When Hitchens’s prose hits an off note, it often includes the visceral or the pseudo-visceral, whether in a paean to oral sex for Vanity Fair (“I was at once bewitched and slain by the warm, moist cave of her mouth”) or in commentaries on current affairs. […] On these occasions, the bookish Hitchens is elbowed aside by an alternate self: a man as twitchingly alert as Trotsky at the head of the Red Army. [He has a perchant for] performances of masculinity.

“The brain trying to be the muscle” is a nigh-perfect phrasing of what it entails to inferior Se: Insecurities spring up as one struggles to assert mastery in a fundamentally foreign domain (Se). The impulse to assert oneself in that domain is largely unconscious; it takes the form of fleeting physicality, in an otherwise decidedly unphysical person, to the effect of giving off a stand-offish vibe that almost points to the threat of physical force.

H.L. Mencken, another INTJ, captured that same mixture of intellectualism and physical force perfectly when he said: “Every normal man must be tempted, at times, to spit upon his hands, hoist the black flag, and start slitting throats.”

Se in IN-Js: “I Don’t Like the Binges but the Binges Like Me”
Finally touching upon what is perhaps the most obvious occurrence of repressed Se as it appears in INTJs, there is the childish and uncontrolled indulgence in sensual pleasures, especially food, alcohol, and tobacco (but not so much harder drugs, for some reason). Here, again, another giveaway of the fact that their Se is repressed Se is that their binges take the form of a repetitive, narrow-but-deep focus, i.e. they will eat an entire container of ice cream or smoke an entire pack of cigarettes without seeking to combine this with other sensual pleasures, as people with more conscious use of Se are wont to do.


  1. How would inferior se express itself in the case of an INFJ? I rarely hear their inferior function being spoken of in much detail.

  2. I’m going with ENFP

    and couldn’t Fi handle the slob aspect? The Fi like in hippies who don’t bathe or shave. And ENFPs are considered drug users.

    I think Ne and Fi can encompass his personality before inferior functions are even looked into.

    I’m really getting confused as to how an “F” type factor in to males. If Dawkins and Hitchens are not F types, what the hell is the criteria? They spend their lives focusing on morals. If they were females, they’d be put under “F”

  3. Just like F types can be logical and make logical arguments, T types can be ethical/moralistic and make ethical arguments.

    “Jungian typology is really not about behavior, which is pretty much the no. 1 reason for mistypings: People tend to look at the person’s behavior, not at the cognition.” (straight from this blog)

  4. As an INFJ, I can confirm that I am myself prone to binges concerning alcohol and tobacco, but have always had a sort of internal barrier protecting me from experimenting with harder things. I think I know on some level that, if I were to try some of the more serious drugs, I wouldn’t have the self-control to stop (even though I have managed to quit smoking twice, for prolonged periods of time).

    Also, as a gay man, I feel that my inferior Se function plays a significant part in the compulsion I feel to go cruising – almost always after having consumed enough alcohol to suppress (involuntarily) my inhibitions.

    And, finally and somewhat differently from INTJ, if I am feeling emotionally overwhelmed, consuming alcohol will lead to compulsive bitchiness, sprayed out in a scatter-gun approach that may or may not meet its target, but always leaves me with a feeling of regret once sobriety has once again been attained.

    (This is *such* an overshare :oS)

    Also, in an aside to the author of this article: Surely the fact of the matter concerning what is and is not attractive lies in the eye of the beholder? I have always considered Hitchens’ take on masculinity to be quite convincing – more so even that the hottest of models with all the right bulges and a vapid expression.

  5. Thanks for your comment and interest in the article.
    As for your last point about attractiveness, I am not sure what you mean. If you refer to the take on “faux-masculinity” it is not meant as a value judgment (although it may come across that way). People should be free tp pursue their identity in their own way.

  6. I agree with Keirsey that he is an ENTP.

    Why do you think he is an introvert? He was always active in public and used to have a lot of acquintances. He is very in touch with his environment in public appearances, this is Extrovert behaviour.

    Besides, in debates he puts subjects in a lot of different contexts, that is Ne. He puts a lot of cynical humor in his speeches and shows moments of Fe, not Fi.

    You can say that he is Ni because he is sure that god does not exist, but that’s not Ni, that is Ti. It’s very easy to logical explain that there is no god without using intuition and that’s what he’s about.

    Christopher Hitchens is clearly an ENTP telling the logical(Ti) story about religion and he uses Ne so he argue from different perspectives (Ne) to resolute his message.

  7. You do have a point, but you can’t conclude that Hitchens is an INTJ because he prefers Se over Si. Si is a supressed function of an ENTP and therefore it makes sense to me that is possible that an ENTP can use Se over Si.

    I can say this from personal experience because I am an ENTP myself and I show signs of higher Se over Si because I achieved to develop my Se over my Si. Another example is Leonardo da Vinci, a wellknown ENTP – he uses Se over Si too.

    Besides, the assembly of the cognitive functions devised by Jung are not fully fixed, there are exceptions. So it is too oversimplified to say he is INTJ because of that. Don’t underestimate the Se function of an ENTP.

    As I said in my previous message, I think Hitchens is an extrovert and uses dominant Ne instead of Ni. And he uses Ti to support his Ne.

  8. If you guys are going down this route than ESTP makes far far far more sense for him as a type than ENTP does.

  9. I definitely see ESTP over INTJ atleast.

    I certain that Christopher Hitchens is an EXTP but I’m not sure about Sensing and Intuiton. He acts smart and intelligent, and ESTP will be more playful and blunt.

    I think Hitchens is a very down to earth ENTP and therefore he looks like an S.

    But the thing is, I just don’t see dominant Ni and auxiliary Te.

  10. Hi, but I seem to sense that kind of thing in ENTPs as well.
    For example, how would you compare Bill Hicks agresivity on stage with the agresivity displayed by Hitchens or Nietzsche in their writing, all three have a thing for putting down and humiliating their “adversaries” in quite a brutish way.

  11. I agree with Lisa or the original post *NTJ. He could not be any more extroverted in his use of logic. He is not like Ti aiming for internal consistency with himself only. He sought to make sense of the external world and explain it to people. His vivid use of language also resembles other alleged INTJ authors like Bronte and Austen. He also used Ni to synthesize contradictory info, resolve paradoxes into higher levels of understanding. Ni does forecasting, which he did. With Ne, we would expect to see endless interpretations, possibilities, and brainstorming. But his intuitive work was much more directed than this.

  12. A sociable I who thrives on intellectual conversation as a source of input and opportunity to try his arguments makes more sense than a hyper-intellectual E.

    There is an interview with his wife on Charlie Rose where she says on a typical evening they would return home with friends for even more socializing (Ni/Te intellectualizing?) after an evening out (at dinner or an event), but Hitchens would disappear into his study for awhile to write a column while she served drinks. This probably also served as time for him to recharge a little and organize his thoughts after a few stimulating hours — and introverted characteristic. As a sociable INTJ, who enjoys hours of good conversation, I can relate to this desire to have this gap to reflect on and assimilate new ideas. Ne’s are not like that. They just love to keep the brainstorming and ideas rolling. Although not impossible, it would take some discipline for an E to abandon his guests like that.

  13. Highly intelligent ENTP’s like Socrates, Feynman, or Bertrand Russell are more Socratic & pedagogical than Oracular. Hitchens often seems like a D.A. prosecutor making his case than a Socratic guide. Even Russell, an activist, was less combative in his arguments. The striking thing about Hitchens was his developed tertiary Fi. He just seemed to have a deep love of life & people in general, if not in particular. Typelogic says that Fi in the 3rd position “lends its influence on behalf of causes which are Good and Worthy and Humane”. In Hitchens case, this Fi motivated him and Te prosecuted on behalf of them. Many will disagree with him about what is good & humane, but it is clear he thought he was crusading for the general good — in the manner of INTJs. Witness Marx, Ayn Rand, Elon Musk, & Krugman — INTJs who share an astounding lack of self-doubt. ENTPs actually have more a bit more humility than this.

  14. ENTP reformists share a tendency to be Socratic, pedagogical, and activists.
    INTJ reformists share a tendency to be oracular, argumentative, and advocates / prosecutors.

  15. Well he seems to have been ENTJ to me. :)

    INTJ would be my second choice though, so we don’t disagree too much. I just think he showed a level of objectivity/realism that INTJs simply do not possess.

  16. He is an ISFP IMO. Fi doms often come across as “thinkers” and it is very obvious in debates that he uses SE and not TE. If anyone has ever seen an INTJ argue, you would realize that Hitch is not like them at all. When he argues it is almost always about someones ethical values and not about facts.
    His awkwardness is a result of NE as the vulnerable function for those who knows socionics.

  17. I would say that a good example of INTJ with inferior Se is David Starkey. However, I would say that Christopher Hitchens is actually ISFP with aux Se, but operating in an intellectual field. He is actually an SF rather than an NT in that his focus is naturally personalised, focusing on the wrong people have done, rather than detached and analytical. Harshness is common of all Se types, really.

    This article explains:

  18. I just looked up David Starkey and he gives me serious Michael McKean vibes. Is Michael McKean an INTJ? Sure seems that way to me.

    Hitchens reminds me a lot of David Mitchell who I type as an ENTJ. However, I could also be convinced David Mitchell is an INTJ because he talks about, for instance, not fixing a door handle for many, many years, and just seems totally oblivious to Se. Whereas the ENTJs I know in real life are totally adept at fixing things around the house and generally taking care of day to day functional type mundane tasks. INTJs just suck at the mundane!

    Hitchens is probably INTJ.

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